HISTOLOGICAL GRADING OF SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF TONGUE IN RELATION TO SITE DISTRIBUTION
Tongue is an important anatomical site or organ because of its role in deglutition, mastication and speech that is why pathologies /tumours of tongue affect the patient’s quality of life those affected. The most common malignant epithelial neoplasm of the oral cavity is the Oral squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue. The Commonest sites for oral cancers ( Scc) arising in the mouth are on the Tongue ,vestibule, Floor of mouth, and lip .Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the 3th commonest tumour in India and Pakistan of which the other tumours are bronchogenic carcinoma in males and breast cancer in females. This descriptive study was took place in oral and maxillofacial surgery department of Khyber College of dentistry Peshawar on a total of 31 patients. The objective of the present study was to determine the histopathological grading of carcinoma of the tongue in relation to the site distribution. The most common affected gender was males and the most common age group was between 3rd and 5th decade with mean age of 49.54% SD +13.41. Most of the tongue tumours were moderately to poorly differentiated 25.8% and 45.1% respectively on histopathology. Early diagnosis of tongue cancer is important in overall management of these grave tumours.