ROOT RESORPTION 4 MONTHS AFTER INITIATION OF FIXED ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE THERAPY

  • Shahab Adil BDS,FCPS, Associate Professor, Orthodontics, Peshawar Dental Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan.
  • Kawish Syed BDS,MCPS, Assistant Professor, Periodontics, Sardar Begum Dental College, Peshawar.
  • Amir Mehmood BDS,FCPS, Assistant Professor, Operative dentistry, Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar.
  • Syed Riaz Shah Gilani BDS ,FCPS part II resident, Orthodontics, Peshawar Dental Hospital, Peshawar.
Keywords: Root resorption, Maxillary Incisors, Orthodontic treatment

Abstract

Root resorption is an idiopathic and unpredictable adverse effect of orthodontic treatment, manifesting as apical root shortening or surface resorption, mostly not affecting functional efficiency. However extensive root resorption may compromise the otherwise successful orthodontic treatment outcome. The purpose of the study was to determine amount of apical root resorption of maxillary incisors four months after initiation of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy with the help of periapical radiographs. 60 patients (14 males and 46 females) with age ranging from 10-40 years were included. A proforma indicating bio data, group (experimental or control), root length at T1 (pre-treatment), root length at T2 (after 4 months) and their difference was filled for each patient. Results were considered statistically significant at p value of 0.05 . A total of 240 maxillary incisors were assessed and all of them showed some decrease in root length but was found to be statistically insignificant. Thus it is concluded that periapical root resorption cannot be detected 4 months after initiation of fixed orthodontic treatment by conventional periapical radiographs alone, however contemporary diagnostic tools may be of help in early detection.

Published
2019-03-03
How to Cite
Adil, S., Syed, K., Mehmood, A., & Gilani, S. R. S. (2019). ROOT RESORPTION 4 MONTHS AFTER INITIATION OF FIXED ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE THERAPY. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal, 38(4), 481-485. Retrieved from http://www.podj.com.pk/index.php/podj/article/view/321