PATTERN OF MAXILLARY FRACTURES IN PATIENTS PRESENTED TO TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL-A STUDY
The objective of this study was to evaluate pattern of maxillary fractures in patients presented to a tertiary care hospital. Data of 136 patients who sustained maxillary bone fractures presented to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mardan Medical Complex Mardan from January 2015 to September 2018 was recorded. History, clinical and radiographic examinations were performed for diagnosis. Data regarding the age, gender, etiology, and associated facial fractures were evaluated and analyzed. Out of 136 patients having maxillary fractures, 116 patients had also associated other maxillofacial fractures. A male to female ratio of 4.03: 1 was recorded. Patients in their third decade of life were mostly affected (39.70%). Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common etiology accounting for 41.9 %. The most common type of fracture was Le fort l (42.64%) and regarding associated fractures unilateral zygomatic bone fractures were most commonly (27.90%) involved. Public awareness is required regarding the significance of the facial injuries.