PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES AND PERIODONTAL DISEASE AMONG ELDERLY PATIENTS ATTENDING PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE KARACHI: A HOSPITAL BASED CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
umbered the citizens of Pakistan. Dental caries is still the foremost health problem in most evolved countries and Periodontitis is the most familiar chronic disease that affects the population regardless of age. Poor oral hygiene is the key risk factor of periodontitis.
The Periodontitis can be linked with other systemic diseases for e.g. : Diabetes Mellitus, HIV Infection, adverse pregnancy outcomes, Cardiovascular Disease, certain types of leukemia, neutropenia and genetic disorder.
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal diseases in people of Gadap Town Karachi.
A cross sectional study comprising of 377 patients from Gadap Town was carried out in Out Patient Department of Private Dental Hospital Karachi from October 2017 – March 2018. Both male and female patients suffering from dental caries and periodontal diseases of age group 20 – 80 years were included in the study. The clinical assessment of caries and periodontal diseases was carried out by using WHO proforma. Data were analyzed by using IBM SPSS 20 version software. Mean and standard deviation was computed for numerical variable. The frequency and percentage was computed for categorical variable.
Dental caries were present in 95% of patients and periodontal diseases were reported in 82.8% of patients and plaque content prevailed in 86.7% of patients.
Current health situation is of major dental health significance & needs urgent attention.