FREQUENCY AND PATTERN OF RECURRENT APTHOUS ULCERS IN PATIENTS REPORTING TO ORAL MEDICINE AND DIAGNOSIS DEPARTMENT OF ISLAMABAD DENTAL HOSPITAL
The objective of the study was to acquire base line data regarding frequency and pattern of Recurrent Apthous Ulcers (RAU). Study was conducted in Islamabad Dental Hospital (IDH), in Oct-Nov 2018. All patients who reported first time in the Out Patient Department (OPD) during the study duration were screened for RAU irrespective of gender and age.
A total of (n=2209) patients were included in the study who visited OPD in above mentioned time period. The frequency of RAU was 1.2% (n=27) out of which females were (59.2%) and male were (40.7%). Result was statistically insignificant when Chi-Square test was applied on gender. Participants reported with history of RAU in last 6 months were 497 (22.5%). The most affected age group was 31-40 years. Buccal mucosa and tongue were the sites on which greater number of ulcers was reported. All patients presented difficulty in eating and pain because of ulcers in oral cavity.
It was concluded that 22.5% of reported patients had ulcers in last six months but active ulcer was present in 1.2% of the participants of the study.