FREQUENCY OF GINGIVAL RECESSION AND ITS SEVERITY: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG PATIENTS VISITING PERIODONTICS DEPARTMENT, KHYBER COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY, PESHAWAR
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of gingival recession and its severity in association with local contributing factors in patients visiting Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar. Study was conducted from September 2016 to January 2017.One hundred and seventy-five patients of both genders were selected using convenient sampling technique. The participants involved in this study were examined in Periodontics Department, Khyber College of Dentistry Peshawar, using mouth mirror, triple syringe, and WHO probe under dental unit light. Miller's classification was used for measuring various grades of gingival recession. Data were analyzed using SPSS, V-22. The maximum age of patient was 53 years and minimum 18 years and the mean age was calculated as 32 years (SD 9.71). Calculations showed that 50% (n=87) of all the patients were male and remaining 50% (n=88) were females age ranged from 18 to 53 years. Males with gingival recession were 25% (n=44) and females were 32% (n=58). Out of the total 175 patients, those with Miller Class I were 28.6 % (n=50) followed by Millers class II, 27.4 % (n=48), Millers Class III 5.7 % (n=10) and Millers Class IV 2.9 % (n=5). The recommendations of this study is that every patient should be educated and instructed about the correct brushing technique, the correction of malaligned teeth, the discontinuation of injurious oral habits especially snuff dipping, frequent use of mouthwashes and interdental cleaning aids e.g. dental floss etc. as all of these aids will lead to prevention of plaque accumulation and thus the prevention of periodontal disease which causes gingival recession.